Mar del Plata is a city located in the southeast of the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina, on the coast of the Argentinean sea.
It is the head of the party of General Pueyrredón, an important port and spa and the second most important tourist city in the country after Buenos Aires, since in summer time its population can increase by 311%, so it has a large supply of Infrastructure of hotels. The highway 2 links it after 404 km with Buenos Aires and is located 365 km from La Plata.
It was founded with its current name on February 10, 1874 by Patricio Peralta Ramos, in a residence of his property, based on the second of the three extinct Jesuit Missions of the Pampa, founded in the second half of the eighteenth century, Our Lady of the Pillar of Puelches, that later received the name of "Port of the Lagoon of the Parents" .
The main activities are fishing, tourism and the textile industry. The main activity of the port, fishing, is also complemented with oil boats and cereals. The city also has a submarine naval base. Among the great variety of industries, are also those derived from horticulture, construction, metallurgy and mechanics.